Coaching Resource for Developing Athletes
To reach their potential an athlete may need to develop:
2. Higher levels of balance, which is provided by both the nervous system and many fine muscles, positioned near the spine. This system of body position control must be challenged in a variety of ways to develop this area to high levels e.g. Swiss ball, wobble board, Med Ball catching & throwing, foam rollers etc. This is also the way to further re-enforce a better postural position.
3. The qualities of Endurance, Strength & Power in the trunk. There should be much more variety in trunk conditioning than simply sit-ups, crunches and back extensions.
Athletes need to be able to hold their bodies in
the ideal postural position for the complete duration of their event. To achieve
this goal will require the strength in the right muscles to hold body position
as well as the endurance to maintain the position. Athletes like Wilson Kipketer,
Hicham El Guerrouge , Marion Jones, Frank Fredericks, Michael Johnson etc. have
their trunks conditioned well enough to achieve the goal of maintaining
ideal body position for the entire race almost every time they
Paul Check's Swiss Ball Exercises for Athletes Vol 1 - VHS
Paul Check's Swiss Ball Exercises for Athletes Vol 2 - VHS
Paul Chek's Scientific Abdominal Training
Awesome Abs : The Gut Busting Selection for Men & Women by Paul Chek
Denise Austin - Mat Workout Based on J.H. Pilates (2000)
Stronger Abs & Back by Brittenham & Brittenham.
Has a good variety of exercises and is accompanied by great explanations.
Weekly many of the athletes that train with me have done:
- 3 x 20min Pilates (following Denise Austin Pilates floor exercises Video)
- 1-2 x functional Gym Training eg Single leg lifts - all free weights - posture enhancing exercises
Some have also done extra exercises on different days for:
-lower abs eg straight leg lowering - maintaining a neutral posture - 3 x 10 maximal load contractions. The goal is to eventually be able to lower straight legs to floor while maintaining a neutral spinal curve.
-upper abs eg swiss ball crunches with a heavy weight - easy up to 100lb 3 x 8
- external oblique's - across body cable pulls in a standing position eg 3 x 10 both down and across each way then 3 x 10 up and across each way
-back extensors.- hyperextensions on a back extension machine. and also reverse hypers. 3 x 10
For Drills at the Track athletes have simply concentrated
2. Quick Recovery High Knee Running - they catch their leg early bring it rapidly up underneath and keeping their pelvis stable lift their knees as high as they can without 'sitting'. They do these at varying speeds maintaining good form which means no extra bum out or sitting as well as keeping their feet dorsiflexed. They do about 6-8 of these over 6-8s at varying speeds.
The effect, I have noticed usually within a few months is that athletes are moving differently and with improvement of their ability to maintain good pelvic position under conditions of high fatigue. Athletes have had good gains on maximum speed.
Some athletes that had poor speed now have developed much higher
maximum speeds. Mostly gained from increases in stride length.
Athlete contact times have noticeably decreased.
This type of training will well prepare athletes to make extra gains through being able to do more fast speedwork safely with less risk of hamstring injury particularly and will also be a great thing to add plyometric work to.
Body Control: Using Techniques Developed
by Joseph H. Pilates
If you've ever wondered how ballet dancers get that graceful, calm-looking, perfectly postured stance, one of the reasons is a series of exercises named for the late trainer Joseph H. Pilates. Long a staple of dance studios, his techniques are becoming a staple in gyms as well. Body Control provides an excellent introduction to the Pilates method and easy-to-follow instructions for doing them at home, without the need for special machinery that instructors often use. The book describes 40 different exercises and explains how to relax and breathe correctly while doing them. Even more important, it explains what you may be doing wrong (since some of the exercises could worsen a painful condition if done incorrectly). The very clear illustrations, which mix photographs with line drawings, will allow most people to get the hang of it right away. Because it works muscles you may not ordinarily use that much, these exercises take more effort than you might think. And while they don't promise huge muscles, adherents say the method helps them stand up straighter and move more easily, without pain. Nothing can turn an ordinary person into a ballet star, but these exercises could make you almost as graceful as one.
Learn to run the modern way displayed by Marion Jones , Maurice Greene and other star sprinters.
More information is HERE
I believe this is the best book on Speed Training that is currently available. Steve Bennett
Training to improve "ease of speed" is the missing factor in many training programs.
See more E-books by Oztrack at www.oztrack.com